# # mknod - Make special files.
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2003/11/20 mknod

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© November 2003 Tony Lawrence

Make special files. Obviously this (the underlying system call, actually) gets used a lot in /dev, but there are other uses. I often use this to make a device file for printing to (see How can I make a device that will print to a network printer?), and the same general idea is useful for other schemes. I've used it to let a non-privileged user send commands to a root process - the user writes to the named pipe, and a root process reads it and acts appropriately (you wouldn't want to literally execute whatever the user writes - you would do this for a specific purpose, such as copying data written to a file in a protected directory, etc.).

On some systems there is a specific "mkfifo" command; mknod is more general purpose.

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mkfifo exists in SCO OSR5 and may be used to create a named pipe (FIFO). It has the syntax:

mkfifo [-m] pathname

The -m option may be used to set the permissions on the newly-created fifo. For example:

mkfifo -m 666 /dev/mypipe


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