modem doesn't answer
(Mostly SCO related)
A modem that doesn't answer at all may not have any getty running on it to assert DTR. If you don't see DTR, it isn't going to answer. Power cycle the modem, disable the tty port, reenable it. Don't have both the modem and non-modem ports enabled: disable tty1a, enable tty1A. On systems very prone to losing this, I'll even have a cron job that does this periodically; it won't interfere with an existing connection (the disable will fail).
NO CARRIER usually means what it says: no dial tone. Modems need working phone lines.
Don't use internal modems with Unix/Linux systems:
- External modems are only a few dollars more than internal.
- Internal modems take up a slot that you might need someday for something else.
- Modems can get so confused that only shutting them off will clear their problem. You don't want to shut off your server when that happens, do you?
- If lightning comes down your phone line (it happens) and you have an internal modem, your whole computer is likely to be fried. With an external modem, you'll lose the modem, but probably not anything else.
- You can see what's going on with an external modem. You can see when the modem is receiving, transmitting, handshaking- much easier to diagnose problems.
- You can share an external modem between multiple computers either manually or by an A/B box- again this facilitates testing and is sometimes very convenient.
- When you upgrade your computer, swapping the modem is much easier.
- When you finally get your cable modem, DSL line or T1 :-), you might actually be able to sell that external modem, but used internal cards are near worthless.
You can get more details on the actual conversation between modems (or lack of conversation) by using "cu -x9" on systems that use cu (which turns on diagnostic output). Or use "uutry -x9" with a system name on systems with uucp.
On any old system, use Kermit.
The SCO modem manager doesn't work very well; see High speed modem setup for the manual methods. The secret is forcing both the modem and the serial port it is attached to set to run at a the same fixed baud rate.
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