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Cluster and Grid Computing

© April 2006 Fortuitous Technologies
Fortuitous Technologies

Cluster and Grid Computing Flying Blind


Cluster and grid computing has become extremely popular, yet very few designers are using modern capacity planning techniques to ensure performance.

Cooking on the Grid

Grid computing has become extremely popular in IT circles mainly because of the potential computing power and cost savings. But grid computing is a multifaceted technology that means different things to different people. Some interpret grids to be a heterogeneous group of desktops and servers, which other see it as a group of cluster computers connected together over the internet. Sometimes grids are designed for raw CPU power, others are designed for raw I/O, while others are a combination of data and compute power. Many grids are often designed around a specific set of applications. As we'll see later, this is why grid and cluster design is strongly tied to its intended purpose.

Grid Lock

Yet despite the importance of strategic design of grids and clusters, very few commercial integrators spend the time or capital to ensure the system's feasibility and performance. The reason why is many fold; lack of experience, cost issues, ego, or lack of skill resources. An important exception to this is the scientific community whose grids and clusters are often well designed.

A Stitch in Design Saves Nine

So what is really involved in cluster/grid design and planning? First of all, not every application is suited for a cluster and/or grid environment. Customers who switch from an SMP environment to clusters with the intension to someday get into the intra-grid domain are supposed to conduct a feasibility study prior to getting too deep into the cluster business.

Second, the customer has to fully understand the current workload behavior, and has to be able to formulate the goals that have to be achieved in a cluster/grid environment. Modeling based sensitivity studies allow the customer to compare (from a relative perspective) design alternatives, and to zoom in on the setup that is most feasible for the environment. As a modeling based approach is recommended at this stage, no money has to be spend yet on any hardware components. In a nutshell, conducting a comprehensive feasibility and design study early on in any cluster/grid project safes the customer substantial money, and replaces the common guessing game with a very pragmatic approach to systems engineering that leads to stable environment with a high acceptance rate from the user community.


Grid/intra-grid/cluster planning and design studies are fundmental parts of the implementation process, having the greatest impact when designed into the final project, encompassing application (workload), network/interconnects, OS, I0, memory, and CPU subsystems, respectively. In almost all circumstances, companies can recoup the design costs in the long run, as fewer firefighting nightmares are necessary.

About Fortuitous

Fortuitous Technologies provides comprehensive performance, planning, and design services based on solid mathematical and statistical methods. They can be contacted at https://Fortuitous.com.

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