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How can I transfer SCO accounts (passwd information) to Linux?

© December 2003 Tony Lawrence

If the SCO passwd file has the encrypted password in its second field (in other words, the system isn't using /etc/shadow), then this simple script will work:

 cat scopasswdfile | while read line
 set $line
 useradd -c $5 -p $2 -s /bin/bash -d /home/$1 -m $1

This requires a current version of "useradd"; the older versions don't take encrypted passwords with -p

Normally, however, the encrypted passwords will be in /etc/shadow. This needs a little more work:

 sort scopasswd > /tmp/p1
 sort scoshadow > /tmp/p2
 join -t: /tmp/p1 /tmp/p2 > /tmp/pscopass
 cat /tmp/pscopass | while read line
 set $line
 useradd -c $5 -p $8 -s /bin/bash -d /home/$1 -m $1

Note that only the first 13 characters in the non-shadow passwd file are the encrypted password; the rest (stuff after the comma) is for password aging: see "man F passwd".

J.P. Radley abserved: "it be easier to ditch the shadow file and reconstruct it, by running pwunconv, grabbing a copy of /etc/passwd, then running pwconv?".

maximum uid

If converting from SCO to Linux and you desire to retain user id's, you need to be aware of these files.

For SCO, it's etc/default/accounts and etc/default/authsh.

On Linux, the file is /etc/login.defs:

# Min/max values for automatic uid selection in useradd
UID_MIN			 1000
UID_MAX			60000
# System accounts
#SYS_UID_MIN		  100
#SYS_UID_MAX		  999

# Min/max values for automatic gid selection in groupadd
GID_MIN			 1000
GID_MAX			60000
# System accounts
#SYS_GID_MIN		  100
#SYS_GID_MAX		  999

There are many options in there that are not comonly set; you should review what you can control there.

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-> How can I transfer SCO Unix accounts (passwd information) to Linux?

More Articles by © Tony Lawrence

Tue May 3 19:14:38 2005: 434   anonymous

do we need to decode the password? thanks

Tue May 3 19:41:40 2005: 435   TonyLawrence

No. The script should work as is.


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