Hylafax for OSR5
You'll probably save yourself a lot of trouble if you just
decide now that a better place to run Hylafax is on a Linux
machine. The OSR5 installation is difficult from the start and
although there is a custom installable version at Skunkware,
it doesn't even begin to run "out of the box". However, if Hylafax
on OSR5 is what you have to have, this will at least get you
started. Get the VOL files from the above link or your Skunkware CD
and install it.
In addition to the Hylafax VOL files, you'll also need to
install "mawk" (an enhanced "awk" program), the GNU File Management
Utilities and Ghostscript. You may want to install "bash" also; I
don't think there is anything that Hylafax really needs bash for
(see below), but if you are the worrying type go ahead and install
it. There may be other packages too, but I identified these as (I
think) the bare minimum.
The server side programs like "faxsetup" below are located in
/usr/sbin, so add that to your root PATH now. You'll want to make
an entry for "faxgetty" in /etc/inittab (and in the appropriate
sub-file in /etc/conf/cf.d/init.d ) for the line:
(use the appropriate device for your modem). Faxgetty is
perfectly cooperative with other programs that want to use your
modem; you'll still be able to use it for cu, uucp and even logins
if you want.
You should do this even if you do NOT want incoming fax service.
If that's the case, edit (for example)
/var/spool/fax/etc/config.tty2A and set
(That file won't exist until after you run "faxaddmodem" as
If you don't use faxgetty, Hylafax has to rely on you to tell it
that the modem is available for use. You can't do that
automatically any where near as well as faxgetty can, so just use
After installing, you are ready to run "faxsetup", except that
you probably will want to make some adjustments to its config file
before doing so. You can read all about this with "man faxsetup"
and "man 4 hylafax" ("man hylafax" is for the client side), but
you'll probably want to change at least a few things in
/var/spool/fax/etc/setup.cache, and you definitely want to take a
look at it before getting started. For example, it expects to find
a lot of things in /usr/local/bin that probably aren't there- like
"echo", "grep", and "cat". There will be a lot more than that if
you have not installed the GNU file management utilities- you'll
notice that this config file expects most of what it needs in
/usr/local/bin. For bash, I just pointed it at ksh- these two are
extremely similar so I don't think there will be any problem. Watch
for errors when running faxsetup- you may have missed something in
"setup.cache" that makes it unable to find a program it needs.
You may also want to have read through some of the introductory
material at http://www.hylafax.org just to get a
bird's eye view of this.
After "faxsetup", you run "faxaddmodem". This script is going to
want to probe your modem to find out its capabilities. For this
install, I used a USRobotics Courier V.Everything; Hylafax
recognized it immediately and had no problems configuring it.
Now you are almost ready to go. You need to start two daemons,
but strangely the custom binaries don't include a start/stop script
(or at least didn't when I did this). So you'll need something like
case $1 in
'start') /usr/local/sbin/hfaxd -i hylafax ;
'stop') kill `ps -e | grep " faxq$" | cut -f2 -d" "`;
kill `ps -e | grep " hfaxd$" | cut -f2 -d" "`;;
*) /bin/echo "$0 start or $0 stop";;
After running "hylafax start", a "ps -e | grep fax" should show
at least this:
3085 ? 00:00:00 faxgetty
3714 ? 00:00:00 hfaxd
3716 ? 00:00:00 faxq
(Your PID numbers will, of course, be different).
You are now ready to send a fax:
sendfax -n -d 17815551212 /etc/passwd
If that doesn't immediately complain, Hylafax is working. In a
minute or two, you should see your modem send it out. If there is a
problem sending, you'll find files in /var/spool/fax/log that
contain details on the conversation with your modem; my first
attempts were frustrated because I neglected to include a "1"
before the fax number (I assumed that Hylafax would know to do
that; apparently it does not).
If you don't have the current version of Ghostscript, you'll
have problems with the defaults specified in
/usr/local/lib/fax/typerules. The simplest thing to do is take out
the "-f Courier-Bold" stuff; you'll only get fixed-width font
faxes, but that's better than nothing- and that may be what you
want anyway; for some applications those fonts look much
This is just the most basic Hylafax usage. There's much more
that you can do, and many more programs included for querying
status, removing faxes, etc. that I haven't covered here. Complete
man pages are included, and http://www.hylafax.org provides a lot
of other documentation and help.
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