System Integrity Protection (SIP) in El Capitan

Here's a fun little exercise on El Capitan:


[email protected]:~$ su - apl
Password:

iMac:~ apl$ 
iMac:~ apl$ sudo su -
Password:
iMac:~ root# echo ls > /usr/bin/foobydoo
-sh: /usr/bin/foobydoo: Operation not permitted
iMac:~ root# 
 


What's going on? It's SIP (System Integrity Protection, also known as "Rootless") in the latest OS X. It protects /usr, /bin, /System, and /sbin from writing, even by root. It also won't allow you to debug certain protected system processes and you cannot use unsigned kernel extensions at all.

Of course this is good for system security, but it has also killed some apps outright and caused major changes in others.

System Integrity Protection (SIP) in El Capitan kills some apps

In some cases, you can still use the app by disabling SIP, installing the app and then renabling SIP. You do that by booting into the Recovery partition and using the csrutil tool.

$ csrutil
usage: csrutil 
Modify the System Integrity Protection configuration. All configuration changes apply to the entire machine.
Available commands:
    disable
        Disable the protection on the machine. Requires a reboot.
    enable
        Enable the protection on the machine. Requires a reboot.
    status
        Display the current configuration.



Most of us won't need to be concerned about any of this.

Use and Abuse of /usr/local/bin



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