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htfsdebug

You can download "htfsdebug" from Amit Singh's "Mac OS X Internals" site.. It's a tool that will examine your HFS+ filesystems and report various statistics. Although presented as a "debugger", it's really not: this is strictly read-only. However, it can provide a lot of useful and interesting information.

For example, here is it's "summary" output. By specifying "-t 10", I asked it to only list the ten largest files it found on my disk:



$ sudo  hfsdebug -s -t 10
Password:

# Volume Summary Information
    files                          = 526923
    folders                        = 102959
    aliases                        = 0
    hard links                     = 5552
    symbolic links                 = 32556
    invisible files                = 222
    empty files                    = 8062
  # Data Forks
    non-zero data forks            = 518689
    fragmented data forks          = 1335
    allocation blocks used         = 17195327
    allocated storage              = 70432059392 bytes
				     (68781308.00 KB/67169.25
				     MB/65.59 GB)
    actual usage                   = 69052849691 bytes
				     (67434423.53 KB/65853.93
				     MB/64.31 GB)
    total extent records           = 521165
    total extent descriptors       = 541078
    overflow extent records        = 2476
    overflow extent descriptors    = 19519
  # Resource Forks
    non-zero resource forks        = 1068
    fragmented resource forks      = 2
    allocation blocks used         = 15638
    allocated storage              = 64053248 bytes
                                     (62552.00 KB/61.09 MB/0.06 GB)
    actual usage                   = 60915072 bytes
                                     (59487.38 KB/58.09 MB/0.06 GB)
    total extent records           = 1068
    total extent descriptors       = 1071
    overflow extent records        = 0
    overflow extent descriptors    = 0

896 files have content in both their data and resource forks.

# Largest Files (data forks) on the Volume
# Using 1 KB = 1024 bytes, 1 MB = 1024 KB, 1 GB = 1024 MB
rank      size       cnid path
1      7.40 GB    9079398 Macintosh
HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft
Windows XP
ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{5fbaabe3-6958-40ff-92a7-860e329aab41}.hds
2      4.79 GB    6254336 Macintosh
HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft
Windows XP
ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{5e74b8f6-c1ea-432d-8227-4a33b2cf8447}.hds
3      2.99 GB    8659761 Macintosh
HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft Windows XP
ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{3887679c-52c3-4dc7-9199-a4240cf61062}.hds
4      2.97 GB   10390184 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Documents/Virtual
Machines/ Ubuntu.vmwarevm/Ubuntu.vmdk 5      2.43 GB    6265728
Macintosh HD:/Desktop/vmware/vmware/SCO/SCO.vmdk 6      2.37
GB    6524650 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/
Ubuntu/lin26.hdd/lin26.hdd.0.{5fbaabe3-6958-40ff-92a7-860e329aab41}.hds
7      2.00 GB    9446500 Macintosh HD:/private/var/vm/sleepimage
8      1.83 GB    8655591 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft 
Windows XP ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{aa7d9a8c-9391-4324-b35e-12255889da67}.hds
9      1.16 GB    6267051 Macintosh HD:/Desktop/vmware/vmware/SCO507/SCO507.vmdk
10   1024.00 MB   10979700 Macintosh HD:/private/var/vm/swapfile5
 

I probably could have guessed that VMware and Parallels images would be my biggest files, and I wasn't surprised to see a swapfile mixed in, but what is that /private/var/vm/sleepimage? Well, actually that's something I don't need now because I use RAM Sleep Mode, so I could save myself a bit of space by removing it (and I did).

This can also show fragmentation, though Amit says HFS+ defrags on the fly anyway and does other things that make fragmentation a non-issue. Tallying up fragmented files can take quite a while to run, but does give a summary at the end:

# Top 5 Files with the Most Extents on the Volume
rank    extents   blk/extents       cnid path
1         10497          4.17   10480743 Macintosh HD:/private/var/log/system.log
2          2025        957.97    9079398 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft 
Windows XP ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{5fbaabe3-6958-40ff-92a7-860e329aab41}.hds
3          1255        623.78    8659761 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft 
Windows XP ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{3887679c-52c3-4dc7-9199-a4240cf61062}.hds
4           819       1533.34    6254336 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Library/Parallels/Microsoft 
Windows XP ie6/winxp.hdd/winxp.hdd.0.{5e74b8f6-c1ea-432d-8227-4a33b2cf8447}.hds
5           679       1145.24   10390184 Macintosh HD:/Users/apl/Documents/Virtual Machines/
Ubuntu.vmwarevm/Ubuntu.vmdk

Out of 518680 non-zero data forks total, 517346 (99.74 %) have no fragmentation.
Out of 1068 non-zero resource forks total, 1066 (99.81 %) have no fragmentation.
 

So that looks pretty good, doesn't it? By the way, Amit has a number of very interesting articles at OSX Book Bonus Content and I do recommend his excellent Mac OS X Internals Book also.



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