I happened to come across Linux Tips: take control of your bash_history. This explains that setting "export HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth" causes Bash not to store duplicate commands in history. For example, if you are checking "ps" waiting for some process to end:
and keep pressing up arrow every few seconds to repeat it, you'll end up with a long list of those in your history if this isn't set. If it is set, you get only the last.
Actually there's much more to this than that little post exlained.
First, there's actually several values HISTCONTROL can take. On newer bash, it can be set to "ignorespace", "ignoredups", "ignoreboth" or "erasedups". Bash 2.05 doesn't have "erasedups".
If you want manual control over history, set "ignorespace". Then remember to use a space to precede any command you don't want to remember in history. Bash ignores leading spaces, so " ls" is as good as "ls", but with "ignorespace" set, " ls" won't be saved.
The "ignoredups" setting ignores repeated lines. Typing "ls" twenty times in a row only ends up with one of them in history. However, typing "ls" and then "ps" and then "ls" again will store "ls" and "ps" every time - unless you have bash 3 and set "erasedups". If that's set, no duplicates get entered in bash history at all.
You can also control bash history with HISTIGNORE. For example,
"declare -x HISTIGNORE=ls:ps"
, neither "ls" or "ps" will appear in my history. To ignore all two character commands, use "declare -x HISTIGNORE='??'".
I don't like extra commands cluttering up my history file, so I use "ignoreboth". When available, I use "erasedups", but if you are using history as a record of commands rather than just for the convenience of repetition, you don't want that.
One thing I do sometimes want in my Bash history is a date stamp.
If the purpose is just to manually do this as the need strikes (for example to record the start and stop of various projects), you can simply type:
`date` (no ENTER)
and then ESC CTRL-e ENTER, which of course generates an error but does nonetheless stamp the history file. If you don't like the error, do:
echo `date` ESC CTRL-e ENTER
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