Unix and Linux Help, Resources and information for Unix/Linux, Mac OS X. Articles on blogging, web site mechanics, and self employment. Mostly techy, Unix/Linux related, but we don't really try to stay tightly focused. If you've never been here before, there's a lot to explore.



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Latest Reader Comments Fri Jun 10 21:54:51 2011

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Changing mail addresses with Active Directory in Kerio Connect

A customer using Active Directory with Kerio Connect needed to change the email addresses for several users. He coukdn't simply use an alias as another piece of software needed to authenticate and send with these names.

He tried just changing the names in AD, but that removed the old addresses from view. Kerio Support suggested this:

Stop Kerio Connect Server.
Navigate to the store, and locate each user's folder in turn.
There will be a folder for the new username, and a folder for the old username.
Rename the new user folder to something along the lines of newADusername_error
Rename the old user folder to EXACTLY the new AD username.
Start Kerio Connect Server, and the software should hook up to the "old" folders.

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What the haters missed at WWDC

I've read a number of articles recently that chastise Apple for boring announcements at WWDC 2016. Those pundits failed to see the big picture that those "boring" little announcements paint.

Let's just take some little things. One is ubiquitous cut and paste: copy on your Mac, paste on your iPhone. Big yawn, right? Next is a quiet mention of a new filesystem that shares free space with other filesystems on a volume. More yawns..

And then there's the bit in the next MacOS that will silently move seldom accessed files to the cloud. Are you asleep yet? How about unlocking your Mac with your phone or watch and using Apple Pay for web sites? You are snoring now, of course.

But what you missed is the blurring of devices. The functionality is melding together. The "Apple ecosystem" becomes stronger and more compelling. Given what was said above, how hard is it to imagine a meta filesystem that crosses and supplies ALL your devices, with some of it in the cloud, some of it on your Mac, some on your iPad and you don't really care where it is because you just have seamless access to all of it? How hard is it to imagine a day when you think of everything - Mac, iPhone, iPad, Watch and Apple TV - much the same way you think of your mouse or your keyboard; that is, as just parts of the meta computer that you use? THAT is what WWDC 2016 said to me and Apple can implement that reality.

I'm not saying that Google, Microsoft, Samsung et al. can't do this. But Apple is far better positioned to make it happen.

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Manything, Wemo and IFTT make a cheap security camera

A few days ago I left home without my cell phone. I've done that before, but it's usually when I'd only be gone a short time, so I've just sucked it up and gone without. This time, however, I'd be gone all day and then some. I was too far away to turn back when I realized my mistake, so I did what any normal person would do: I bought a new phone.

OK, maybe that's not entirely normal. But in fairness, I have been intending to replace my iPhone 5S within the year, and I really couldn't go all day and into the night without a phone, so I bought a brand new iPhone SE. That's all great and it definitely is a better phone and I'm glad I did it. But what to do with the 5S?

I could trade it in. It would be worth about $100, which did briefly tempt me, but then I remembered the Manything app and decided that turning that phone into a security camera was a better idea. Manything can trigger recording on detected motion and send video to its own servers, so I deleted all the other apps on the phone and configured Manything to do that.

But wait, there's more! Manything also works with IFTTT, and I already have a few lights connected there, so why not also turn on one of them when Manythingdetects motion? That took all of 30 seconds to set up.

an IFTTT recipe for Manything and Wemo

There is a delay here - it takes more than a few seconds for the light to turn on, but for the intended purpose (and the cost), that's acceptable.

Manything
Wemo Switch and IFTTT

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Apple Watch as a medical alert system

Update: WatchOS3 has a quick 911 system that also notifies your emergency contacts.

My wife has some iliotibial band problems along with a bit of scoliosis and inflamed joints. Usually exercise and some pain medicine allow her to function, but she had three somewhat serious falls this past summer and has had more difficulty getting about. When I'm out, I worry that she might fall again and be unable to get up.

We considered medical alert systems, but they all carry a monthly cost and are probably over kill for our need. I happened to stumble upon an IOS app that detects falls and that immediately made me think of using an Apple Watch instead of a medical alert device. The IOS app actually wouldn't detect a fall - it is meant for falls from a ladder and such - but she could simply tell the watch to call me or the police or a neighbor. That's actually more flexible than a medical alert device and there's no monthly fee except for phone service that we already have.

It's also quite possible that a future IOS app could detect a minor fall followed by being motionless or agitated and could send an automatic alert to some designated group. That would be perfect.

I spoke to the people who make the fall detection app and they had this to say:

As you know, the Apple Watch is a great wearable but does have some limitations currently. Fall Safety, for example, can use the Apple Watch as a remote, but Apple hasn’t provided us a way to run the app in the background yet, so we rely on the iPhone for fall detection. I think you will find the same issue for heart rate monitoring since 3rd party (non Apple made) apps aren’t capable of running in the background on the Apple Watch in the current version of the watch hardware and software.

So, right now there is room for improvement (unless Apple made the app itself), but I think the ability to call out without having the phone in hand is good enough for us right now.

So, we'll be visiting a store soon for a try-on..

Fall Safety App

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iTranslate Voice

I have been trying to learn Spanish for several years now. I have learned a bit, but I am nowhere near being able to converse with anyone. Now, thanks to a $6.99 iPhone app, I actually can carry on a conversation in Spanish and many other languages. It's absolutely amazing!

It can alsio help me learn. I can speak Spanish to it and see if it translates accurately to English. Right now, I get some jumbled results due to my lousy Spanish pronounciation, but that will get better with practise. I love it!

Learning Spanish with a little help from Perl

iTranslate Voice

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We have an app for that

Thanks to the nice folks at Ezoic, you can now read this site on your IOS device. Yes, of course it is free.

Why on earth would you do that when it works just fine in a browser? One reason might be that it's easier to read, especially on smaller screens.

I think the ads are far less intrusive in the app, though navigation isn'y as easy (I'm going to fix that). If you want to give it a try, here's where to find it:

https://appsto.re/us/W8xA_.i

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Odd DNS issue with Google

A customer in Ohio called me early this morning. Mail was not working and browsing was also intermittently failing. This had also happened to him two days earlier, but before I could locate a cause, it had mysteriously fixed itself. But here it was again.

DNS failures

Notice my email in that log: it says my aplawrence.com domain does not exist. Well, that's wrong..

I first logged into his email server with ssh and confirmed that it could not resolve hosts. His /etc/resolv.conf pointed at the Kerio Control firewall, so I checked there. Oddly, Ip Tools there could resolve hosts. What could be wrong?

I turned on DNS debugging and could see that it was contacting Google's public servers as it was configured to. However, it was saying that responses were truncated. I tried switching the DNS to their ISP's DNS, but nothing changed. At that point, I called Kerio.

After some false starts and rechecking of things I had already done, Vladimir at Kerio suggested trying a Czech DNS server: 195.113.144.194. That started working instantly.

So what's going on? I'm not sure. I think maybe Google is having a local problem there and maybe IP Tools ignores the truncate bit? Maybe the ISP is using Google DNS itself? I do not know. I have posted to Google's public DNS forum to notify them of the error; I've seen no response yet.

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It's not an iPad virus!

Our local computer club provides free help to people in the community. Recently they sent out an email saying this:

I have now helped 6 people with a virus that has been infecting iPads. The message appears on the iPad screen stating that your software has crashed and you need to call Microsoft to repair it. The number to call is 1-855-720-2636. People who have called the number were told that they would have to pay $130.00 to get rid of it.The message stays on the screen and you can't get rid of it. This has affected iPhones as well. If you have this problem call me and I'll help you get rid of it For FREE.

I groaned when I saw that and immediately shot back that this is not a virus but simply a Javascript browser hijack and that it is easily fixed by closing Safari and doing Settings > Safari > Clear History and Website Data.

To my surprise, I later got this from the author of the warning:

I know it's not a virus, you know it's not a virus but it has been my experience that most people do not understand what Java Script Hijack means therefore I keep it very simple for them.

Sigh.

Keeping it "simple" causes very wrong impressions of what this is and what it can do. It also can cause stupid rumors to spread: "Oh, don't buy an iPad - they have viruses!".

Nor is it iPad related. Javascript hijacks like that happen on ALL platforms: Windows, Android, Apple computers - it's the browser, not the operating system!

I also don't think we should be deciding what people can or cannot understand. I agree that some of the people who seek help from that club are not capable of following even simple instructions or are too lazy to want to. But that's not the case for all and it's also true that assuming incompetence creates incompetence.

I've always taken the tack of explaining things like this fully (or at least providing a link to somewhere that explains) and then politely offering to provide direct assistance if needed. I think that's the best way to do it.

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Slow loading folders in Outlook with Kerio Connect

Anonymous asks:

I'm running Kerio Connect Mail Server and my Outlook folders are slow loading, slow to search and slow to change.

The solution to this is to turn on caching. By default, only your INBOX is cached, which leaves everything else to be reloaded whenever you want access.

Synchronizing Microsoft Outlook with Kerio Connect explains:

The default synchronization works as follows:

Inbox — whole messages are synchronized.
Other email folders — only message headers and body in plain text are synchronized.
Events — whole events are synchronized.
Contacts — whole contacts are synchronized.
Tasks — whole tasks are synchronized.
Notes — whole notes are synchronized.

Upon each startup of Microsoft Outlook, Kerio Outlook Connector synchronizes the currently opened folder first.

This can be changed; the link explains how. Don't neglect the "Set also to all subfolders".

Synchronizing other folders

Of course this does require additional local storage. You might also want to know the cached data is not encrypted.

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Packets on wrong interface

I had an interesting exercise earlier this week. I'm going to simplify things to make it easier to understand, but the basic idea is that the customer had his ISP's equipment installed some 300 feet from where all the computing equipment was. His Kerio router therefore got its WAN connection at the end of a long wire.

That connection was slow, so he recently had a new, higher speed connection put in. He couldn't just switch over, so temporarily he'd need both. Running a new wire from Kerio Control would have been a major project, but fortunately there was one other unused wire running from where the ISP connections were. Unfortunately that connection did not go near the Kerio but instead reached a LAN switch that serviced exactly one piece of equipment and then joined the rest of the network. Would that work, he asked?

I said it would but it could cause some issues. It wasn't entirely clear to me where this switch was and how everything would flow, but as it turned out most things worked and he was able to test out the new connection using load balancing.

But some computers did not work. The problem was obvious when we looked at the logs.

[13/Nov/2015 06:24:00] from WAN2, proto:TCP, len:52, 192.168.141.103:54315 -> 104.25.139.21:80, flags:[ SYN ], seq:3723491087 ack:0, win:8192, tcplen:0
[13/Nov/2015 06:24:03] from WAN2, proto:TCP, len:52, 192.168.141.103:54314 -> 104.25.138.21:80, flags:[ SYN ], seq:1889551147 ack:0, win:8192, tcplen:0
[13/Nov/2015 06:30:54] from LAN Switch, proto:TCP, len:1489, 192.168.130.101:50185 -> 104.25.139.21:80, flags:[ ACK PSH ], seq:1910086646 ack:73727308, win:4096, tcplen:1437

Packets from 192.168.x.x should not be "from WAN2"; they should always be "from LAN Switch". A managed switch could make sure that never happens, but he didn't have that ability. What to do?

I really couldn't think of anything. It wasn't really critical as the new circuit is intended to replace the old in a few weeks, but it woould be easier if he could keep this working until then.

Then it hit me. Why on earth was the Kerio router 300 feet from the two ISP drops? I called the customer back and asked him how difficult it would be to move the router to that space and connect it to the ISP's there? There was a short pause and he answered that yes, of course, that was the way to do it and no it would not be difficult.

Sometimes you have to back up and look at the bigger picture.

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Patent reform

Younger readers may not know that until the 1990's, software could not be patented. I'm of the opinion that it should have remained that way.

There has been some recent pushback and it is certainly possible that court opinions will change, but really we need to reexamine the patent system in general. I think it often does more harm than good. I'm not saying we should abandon it entirely, but I do think that overly broad patents should not only be denied, but be punishable as they hinder commerce. I also think that the length of patents should vary with the industry. Perhaps tech patents for consumer goods should have a shorter lifetime than miracle drugs or vice versa and both should be shorter than they are now.

As to patenting genes and GMO products, I think that's both ridiculous and dangerous. For example, a recent decision denied a gene patent because genes are "products of nature". Well, what isn't? An improved light bulb works because of the physics of its materials - where's the true difference and where do you draw the line?

We need change.

Can we patent products found in nature? It's complicated.

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Archive folder not seen in Kerio Connect

Anonymous asks:

I Unzipped July of 2015 in the archive directory.. Waited an hour and it still complains about missing folders.. Had it rebuild but still complains..

Archive folder not seen in Kerio Connect

It would be very unlikely for folders to be missing from an archive - almost impossible.

Did you stop Kerio Connect before unzipping the folder? While it is often possible to get away with shoving things into a running server and letting it fix things up, that's not the best chance of success. If you repeat this with the server stopped, it likely will be correct.

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Terminal type not recognized

Anonymous asks:

We are transferring an old Unix app and get Terminal types not recognized. Exact message is 'tput: unknown terminal "WYSE50"'. Using man and other applications will say "WARNING: terminal is not fully functional"

Well, for starters, it is unusual to see TERM in upper case. In standard TERMINFO, it would be wyse50 and vt100, not caps. But you might not be using standard TERMINFO. For example, many old Cobol apps used their own terminal databases and a login script set it to point at a database somewhere other than in /user/lib. So if setting to "wyse50" and so on doesn't help entirely, that could be why - the database being pointed at may not exist. Also see my article on Termcap and Terminfo.

Termcap and Terminfo Explained

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Our cash drawer connected to a serially connected Wyse terminal stopped working

Anonymous asks:

Our cash drawer connected to a serially connected Wyse terminal stopped working. I made some changes in the device configurator and wondering if there's a way to restore those.

Any serial cash drawer should work. It's certainly possible that the cash drawer serial port has gone bad or the cable has broken or the AUX port on the Wyse is dead. You should test each of these by swapping this drawer with a working drawer to isolate the problem.

If it's not hardware, the software is wrong. You need to send the transparent print codes followed by the code for the drawer. The TERM variable has to be set correctly to match the emulation the terminal is using. See the debugging section of my article on transparent print as that's likely the problem if nothing else changed.

How do I do Transparent or pass-through printing (slave printing)?

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My license has expired. Didn't you get our payment?

Yes, I probably did and I most likely renewed your license the same day or the day after. I then would have sent you an email saying this:

We have processed your order for (license number)

This license should update automatically and the correct dates and users should appear in your administration screen. If it does not, you will need to register the license from the web administration interface or at https://secure.kerio.com/reg/ to create the license file that will activate your Kerio product.

Did you notice the word "should" and the sentence that follows? The reason that I put that in is that sometimes your server doesn't make the proper communication with Kerio to activate the license. It should happen automatically, but it may not. This might be because you haven't upgraded your version recently or it might be because a firewall is blocking that communication. Whatever the reason, you need to either fix that or register your license as explained above. That's a simple process and of course I'm right here at the other end of your phone line if you have any problem. You can also call Kerio directly if it is two A.M my time and you really need to get this done!

downloading kerio license

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The value of libraries

I was never a fan of my public library. When I was young, I found the books in my own home to be all I usually needed. Of course not everyone has a home chock full of books and reference materials, so I was very lucky to have that.

When I was older, I found that the library still did not meet my needs. First, the technical books I wanted were seldom available. I might be able to request them from a larger library, but that took time. I also had to return the books and with most of these, I wanted them available longer. So my books came from bookstores, physical at first but later from the Internet. Again, of course I had the money to do that and not everyone does.

Because of that "not everyone does", I absolutely support my tax dollars supporting libraries. However..

Most library activity is entertainment, not research, not knowledge. It's still difficult, even with SAILS, to find good technical books. Romance novels, detective stories, sure, hundreds of those. But the tech side is weak at best.

So my question is this: would the general public support libraries if all that entertainment went away? I don't think they would, because most people don't really care about anything else. They'll SAY that they think their library is a valuable resource, but I think that's mostly lip service.

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Hacking the new more secure credit cards

In 2011, a bunch of the new "chip and pin" credit cards were stolen. The thieves physically modified the cards circuitry to accept any pin as valid, thereby letting them rack up almost $700,000 in fraudulent transactions.

Don't panic, because this particular hack method has already been blocked. But do think about how this was done: it was micro surgery on the cards innards. That's scary, because this particular modification was (relatively) simple and unsophisticated. What might the next one be?

It's obvious that anything physically accessible has a potential hackability. So how can we ever be secure?

Well, suppose your credit card number wasn't a number at all but was biometrics derived from your person. Suppose further that what you owe and what you own wasn't stored at a bank somewhere, but was stored in your biometrics - that is, you are your own bank account. That's somewhat possible now, though there's no way for you to control it - you wouldn't know if someone hacked you to steal your assets. But that might change eventually.

And then someone will find a way to hack that.

How a criminal ring defeated the secure chip-and-PIN credit cards

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Is stock trading doomed?

Brace yourself: We may be headed towards a world dominated by a handful of tech corporations vying with each other to develop the best AI prediction algorithm.

That's from "Microsoft Bing Predicts and the future of gambling" at ExtremeTech. That article discusses how Microsoft Bing correctly picked winners for week one of the NFL season. That's groundbreaking, but the stuff about computer trading has been going on for some time now. People are still arguing as to whether it has caused market crashes, but there's no doubt that the best software with the quickest Internet connections has great advantages over anyone else.

A lone wolf day trader probably isn't going to do well against that. Without access to a firehose of data and the software to analyze it, he or she won't be able to compete at the same level.

I'm not sure what that means for the rest of us.

Microsoft Bing Predicts and the future of gambling

Algorithmic trading

Bing Predicts

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How can I carry forward unused money in Mint?

Anonymous asks:

How can I carry forward unused money in Mint? Mint doesn't let you carry Income forward.

Any other Mint accounts can carry forward money you don't spend, but there is nothing to carry truly unused and unbudgeted income.

One solution is to create a "Carried" account and adjust it whatever "Left Over" shows on the Budgets tab. Have that account start each month with anything left in it. From now on, anytime you need to change that amount because of extra income or a new budget category, do it by adding a transaction manually to draw from or add to that account. Or just put anything extra directly into that account. This should then always show "extra" money.

However, should you enter deficit spending, this becomes less useful and more confusing.

You can just go by the Net Income Over Time in Trends. Over a long enough period, this does show if you are gaining or losing money, but when your income is variable, it also can be confusing.

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I do not hate Windows 10

I use Apple computers, tablets and phones. I have long been disdainful of Microsoft and its incredibly crappy operating systems, so this is going to be a surprising comment: I do not hate Windows 10.

I will quickly add that I'd still rather have a Mac and I honestly think that you would too if you gave it half a chance, but I have to admit that if you do go the Windows 10 route, you aren't doing anything horrible. You'll probably like it. Unlike every previous version of Windows I have had the displeasure to experience, Windows 10 is quite decent.

Windows 10 in Parallels on my Mac

I upgraded and existing Windows 8 machine that had previously been Windows 7 running in Parallels Desktop on my iMac. I say "running" with tongue slightly in cheek because I rarely fired it up except when I needed to figure out why some friend or customer was having problems with their own system. The virtual machine was always somewhat slow and that only increased my frustration levels, so I avoided it other than for those reasons.

This week I let Microsoft convert me to Windows 10. My expectations were low because I have been prejudiced by years of junk from the fine folks at Redmond. I didn't pay attention to how long the upgrade process took, but I do know it was shorter than I expected.

After it was complete, I logged in with trepidation, expecting not to be able to find anything. I was prepared to Google and be highly annoyed.. but I was not. The system was crisp and clean and I had no trouble finding anything. I was particularly impressed by how responsive it was, even though hampered by running in a virtual machine. That usually guarantees substantial performance degradation, but I honestly did not notice any.

So there it is. I do not hate Windows 10 and I am as surprised as you are.

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Logitech Circle Camera

This is an inexpensive ($199.00) "security" web cam for your home. I put that in quotes because it's soething that might function as that, but really is more suited to remote monitoring. However, because it records and stores 24 hours worth of video that you can review, you could possibly catch someone walking toward the camera before they picked it up and stole it.

That clip would be available to you from an iPhone or iPad app and clips can captured and emailed or posted to social media like Facebook.

If all you need is a picture, you can stop the playback and snap a screenshot. That's where this came from.

Circle Camera from iPad

The camera has a rechargeable battery that supposedly lasts for twelve hours, so you could easily take it away from its charging base and temporarily put it somewhere that doesn't have nearby power. They didn't scrimp on the charger cord, by the way: it's a 10 foot USB cable. I tried it uncoupling it twice and found that it barely lasted 4 hours. By the way, I measured its power consumption and found it should use less than $2.00 just sitting there.

The "Day Brief" (not visible in the picture) is everything that has happened since midnight squeezed into a 30 second video. You cannot slow it down, but you can stop it. You don't need to slow it down because you can go back in time with the regular clips anyway.

Note that it is not the past twenty four hours. It's since midnight, so if you tap that at five past midnight, you'll see five minutes compressed into thirty seconds. You can still go back in time through the clips; those don't reset at midnight. But those aren't necessarily 24 hours either: the camera selects "interesting" segments from your day. According to the website, it learns what's interesting. I assumed that might mean that hours of me sitting at my computer typing would be removed, but it's more than that. For example, the camera caught me doing pushups. I actually did 30, but if I go back to that time slot, it shows me doing twelve - it filters out repetitive movement as well as non-movement.

Initially, the camera did not record sound. A reset and firmware upgrade fixed that.

Circle Camera Controls

Swipe right to see more controls for the camera. It's not completely clear what all of those controls actually do and (so far) there is no on-line manual to refer to. I'm sure that will change soon also.

First at top left is "Power save" on/off. I've found nothing that fully explains that yet; will update when I do. Next is the 180 rotate I mentioned above - I'm really confused by that one. It does rotate the lense, though I don't see the value. When it is sitting upright, rotating only seems to point it at the ceiling. Mounting it sideways seems to just turn the picture sideways - I don't get it.

That's so you can mount it on the ceiling!

Circle Camera sideways

That cloud icon with the down arrow is for updating firmware. Next to that is on/off, which obviously doesn't turn off wi-fi, just the camera recording.

The speaker icon turns the speaker on and off, but the microphone button has three settings and it's not clear to me what the other two do.

Circle Camera microphone

They adjust the sensitivity.

The moon turns night vision on and off. I tested night vision; it works well. The icon to its right turns the LED activity indicator off. When on, it flashes if someone is watching.

The "Add/remove camera" button (bottom left plus and minus in camera icons) is what it sounds like. You could have one of these in every location in your house. I'd like to have another one at our vacation home.

Activating the Alerts (the bell shaped icon) sends you IOS alerts when it detects activity. That could be very helpful or very annoying, though I found that even when I am at home and doing things that the camera sees, it doesn't alert constantly. When we went out for six hours, leaving the house empty, it did sent an "Activity detected" alert the moment I opened the door to walk back in. However, when reviewing the recordings the next morning, I was very surprised to see that it did not actually record me entering. That seems odd, but it has not happened again: it has always caught me coming in.

Finally there is People. That lets you change your password, logout and redirect to the support site.

Logitech Circle Camera Support

Logitech Circle Camera

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I think Amazon is making a big mistake

If you buy the new Apple TV, you won't be buying it from Amazon and you won't find an Amazon app on it, which means that you won't be able to watch Prime movies and shows. Apparently Amazon wasn't able to come to terms with Apple, so for now they have picked up their ball and gone home.

The problem is, that ball is not very important. Yes, I have Amazon Prime and we do watch Prime through our Roku. But for everything we watch on Prime, we watch twenty things on Netflix. There have been good things on Prime, but there are a LOT of good things on Netflix. As someone commented on the article referenced below:

"One other thing, if Amazon doesn't release a native tvOS app in 3 months I'll cancel my Prime. If they think I'd pick them over Apple they are sorely mistaken."

Well, I'll be keeping Prime because it does have other benefits for us, but I do understand the sentiment. Although pricey, Apple TV is really slick stuff and I think it's going to be a big seller. I was initially ambivalent, but the more I've seen, the more I think I will buy it. I think many, many others will also, with or without Prime..

Those who never had Amazon won't miss it and the rest of us can switch back to Roku if we want to watch something, but my guess is that we'll probably just gradually forget about it. Amazon is picking the wrong fight.

What's behind Amazon’s baffling decision to ban Apple TV and Chromecast?

I am disappointed by the new Apple TV

Amazon Prime Video, the AppleTV, and making mistakes

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Maximal amount of unsuccessful authentication attempts reached, IP address is blocked

Anonymous asks:

How do you unblock IP’s in the firewall? Our California Warehouse VPN got locked out. Log says "Maximal amount of unsuccessful authentication attempts reached, IP address is blocked."

This happens because of a setting you probably forgot all about. It's particularly easy to forget if you aren't authenticating through a domain controller, because it's in that section of your control configuration.

locking out vpn connnections

It also says nothing about VPN's, so you are forgiven if you did not think to look here. Ordinarily, blocking goes away after five minutes, but if your VPN connection kept trying with a bad password, it will get locked out again and again.

Fix the password or add that address to a "Never Block" group.

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Do you have somewhere you need to be?

I was having a business conversation with a young woman recently. During our talk, she looked at her watch several times. As she was leading our discussion at that point, I ignored that, but as things wound down toward the end and she checked yet again, I thought perhaps I might be holding her up. Not wishing to be that boring old man, I just put the question to her directly, asking if she had somewhere she needed to be.

She laughed. "Oh, no, just checking text messages", she explained. Oh, duh, yes, I had noticed that she was wearing an Apple Watch, but I hadn't yet had enough experience of people with those to break the life long assumption that she was checking the time.

I mentioned this to my wife later and she immediately said "That's rude". I understand why my wife would say that, but I'm not sure she's right. If the young woman had instead laid her cell phone on the table and had glanced at it during our talk, I wouldn't have thought it rude. I would have realized she was just quickly checking to make sure the texts were not important. Of course I'd be helped by the fact that I'd see and perhaps even hear those texts arrive; I don't know when an Apple Watch has tickled someone's wrist.

But it is a reasonable question: is it rude to check texts during a business oriented conversation? I don't think that it is, but I find myself hesitating because I'm not sure that I would do that myself. But then again, the power dynamic of most such conversations I have has me on the weaker side: I'm usually talking to a customer, so I should be concentrating on them. Were I interviewing an employee, I might feel more comfortable glancing at texts and other notifiers.

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