Explicit Congestion Notification by Bruce Garlock
I was driving myself nuts over the weekend with another strange
problem, but I figured it out. I picked up a Sun Sparc 20 off of
ebay (so I can mess with Solaris), and when I went to PayPal to pay
for it, PayPal kept saying "connection refused". All other sites
seemed to work fine, and I used one of those free proxy servers to
access it too. I also noticed that I couldn't get to Adaptec! Those
were the only two sites. Everything else worked fine. Since I made
the jump to kernel 2.4.1, I figured I try 2.2.18, and see if I
could get there. No problem when I booted to 2.2.18! I finally went
on IRC and had someone send me their .config file for the kernel
options, and it showed me that I had CONFIG_INET_ECN enabled:
Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) allows routers to notify
clients about network congestion, resulting in fewer dropped packets
and increased network performance. This option adds ECN support to the
Linux kernel, as well as a sysctl (/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_ecn) which
allows ECN support to be disabled at runtime.
Note that, on the Internet, there are many broken firewalls which
refuse connections from ECN-enabled machines, and it may be a while
before these firewalls are fixed. Until then, to access a site behind
such a firewall (some of which are major sites, at the time of this
writing) you will have to disable this option, either by saying N now
or by using the sysctl.
If in doubt, say N.
After I echoed a "0" to /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_ecn, I was able
to get to the sites again! More information at http://eltoday.com/article.php3?ltsn=2001-04-17-001-14-PS.
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© March 2001 Bruce Garlock. All rights reserved
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